One aspect of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) was religious persecution. Many people were killed by Republicans (socialists, communists and radical lay labor unions) during the war because of their faith. A report quotes the murder of 6,932 members of the clergy and religious sacrificed in this persecution. Within this general climate of hatred and antireligious fanaticism, one may justly place the martyrdom of 22 Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate.

An online discussion on their life and martyrdom was held on 17 December 2020, with the participation of several experts: Oblate Fathers Fabio Ciardi, Frank Santucci, David Lopez and Diego Saez.